Noticias HC

5 Markers for the prevention of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes

Infography of markers of cardiodisease and diabetes 2

 
 

Markers

1. Raised blood pressure
2. Increased girth *
3. Raised fasting triglycerides
4. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol
5. Hyperglycaemia

 
 

Recommendations

  • Patients with 3 or more risk factors should be regularly assessed. Patients with 1 or 2 risk factors, every 3 years.
  • Indicated for individuals aged 40 to 75, but younger people can also benefit.
  • Lifestyle and diet. Physical activity should be increased with sedentary time decreased; body weight should be reduced by 5%.
  • Treatment with medication is appropriate if objectives are not achieved with lifestyle changes alone.
  • Cholesterol, smoking and family history of cardiovascular disease must also be assessed.

 

* In addition to measuring weight, height and calculating lean body mass index.

 
 

Sources: Medscape – Screen for five markers to ward off heart disease and diabetes by Marlene Busko / Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism / Endocrine Society

 
 

If you want to know your state of health, ask for an appointment with Dr. Salvador Álvarez, G.P. and Family Medicine Specialist.

 

 

October 9, 2019

 

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