In Spain, 1 out of 10 people over the age of 70 suffers from some form of dementia.
It is a degenerative disease which causes severe memory loss and loss of intellectual capacity with forgetfulness, disorientation in time and place and behaviour and language difficulties. These progressively interfere with the patient’s daily life until they become completely dependent on others.
Prevention plays a particularly significant role, eradicating preventable vascular risk factors such as smoking, hypertension, obesity, poor eating habits, or sedentary lifestyle can delay the onset of disease until much later. Because it is a degenerative disease, prevention of neurone loss for other reasons is important.
Major advances have been made in the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s:
There are an increasing number of blood and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers which enable us to better understand the disease.
Cranial PET is increasingly specific in the study of dementia: