Headache is one of the most prevalent neurological diseases. Nearly 40% of the population will suffer from headache during their lifetime. The most common is migraine or tension-type headache, but there are many other types of headache, a differential diagnosis is therefore necessary.
Headache is a symptom and describes any pain that arises in the head. Depending on the characteristics, a headache will then be classified accordingly. Based on these clinical criteria: the number of times a month it occurs, the area of the head where it appears, the duration of the pain, whether it has triggers or not, you may be given a particular diagnosis.
When the cause is unknown, they are called primary or idiopathic headaches, the majority of cases fall into this category. The origin can be determined in a low percentage of headaches, usually when due to inflammatory causes in the brain, space-occupying lesions, etc.
These vary slightly depending on the type of headache:
Diagnosis is made from the medical history and description of symptoms. A neuroimaging test may also be required to rule out other conditions.
Only suitable for certain types of headaches.