Chemotherapy is the use of various drugs which can be given orally, or intravenously, to treat tumours. They destroy cells from within and attack rapidly growing cells.
Immunotherapy stimulates the patient’s immune system to enable its own immune cells to destroy tumour cells.
Targeted therapy interferes in specific abnormalities present in tumour cells, this enables these drugs to act much more precisely than classic chemotherapy.
Surgery may be diagnostic, obtaining a biopsy to establish the tumour histology. Surgery may also be curative, or in some cases palliative to alleviate tumour-related symptoms.
Radiotherapy is a local treatment, only affecting the part of the body where radiation is applied, with the aim of destroying cancer cells and preventing their growth and reproduction.
Hormone therapy involves the use of drugs to modify hormones (preventing synthesis or altering their effect on certain cells) to stop the growth of certain cancers.